An Ocean Bay Renewal

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The Ocean Bay Apartments are good as new. On Monday, June 10, local elected officials and representatives from several state, city and federal agencies gathered in front of the newly-rehabilitated NYCHA Ocean Bay Apartments for a ribbon-cutting to celebrate the completion of the work.

Ocean Bay Apartments, a 24-building, 1,395-unit public housing complex, located between Beach 54th and Beach 58th Streets, recently underwent a $560 million redevelopment that was NYCHA’s first and the country’s largest single-site conversion under HUD’s Rental Assistance Demonstration.

First built in the early 1960s, Ocean Bay suffered from significant federal divestment, followed by the extensive damages incurred by Hurricane Sandy in 2012. Home to nearly 4,000 residents, Ocean Bay was in desperate need of repair, from in-unit renovations to the major rehabilitation of building infrastructure. Beginning in 2017 and completed in just two years, the redevelopment features entirely renovated kitchens—new flooring, appliances, sinks, cabinetry, LED lighting, and smoke detectors; entirely renovated bathrooms—new flooring, sinks, toilets, fixtures, cabinetry, LED lighting, and ventilation; and apartment-wide upgrades including new windows, flooring, and fresh paint. Through a phased restoration process, all tenants were able to remain living in their homes throughout the renovations.

In addition to in-unit renovations, the project included roof replacements, the complete upgrade of elevator machinery and equipment, improved public hallways, and the installation of new boilers and heating systems. With the goal of enhancing resident safety, the restoration included updated security cameras, improved interior and exterior lighting, and a new key fob entry system.

To ensure protection against future weather catastrophes, Ocean Bay received the third-largest solar panel installation at an affordable housing development in New York, a secure flood wall around the entire 33-acre site, water retention swales, stand-alone electric service buildings built above the flood zone, and the conversion of one central boiler steam system to 24 individual hydronic boilers on the roof of each building.

With the help of Catholic Charities Brooklyn and Queens, a core feature of the project involves the development and implementation of a comprehensive social services program designed to empower residents and enhance their quality of life. This includes access to mental health clinics, youth employment programs, food pantries, emergency assistance programs, and educational enrichment services. The project also features two brand-new basketball courts, as well as the creation of Renewal Gardens @ Ocean Bay, which consists of 50 family plots within 2,400 square feet of community gardening space, providing residents with resources to learn about gardening and access fresh and healthy produce. 

The $470 million in federal, state, city, and private investment consisted of more than $83 million in tax-exempt bonds and Low-Income Housing Tax Credits from NYS Homes and Community Renewal that generated $170 million in equity, and $1.1 million secured via the Investment Tax Credit generated from solar, and over $121 million in FEMA funds for resiliency measures related to the buildings. Additionally, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provided approximately $89 million for extensive weather-resilient repairs for the site at the time of closing. Under RAD, Ocean Bay units moved to a Section 8 platform with a long-term contract ensuring that the units remain permanently affordable to low-income households, restricting rent to no more than 30 percent of resident income. The development and management partners were selected by NYCHA through a competitive RFP process.

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