People with stage I hypertension (systolic BP of 140 to 159 or diastolic BP of 90 to 99) have an increased risk of death from cardiovascular events compared with people with normal blood pressure. The decision on whether or not to treat individuals with hypertension depends on a number of risk factors. These risk factors include older age, male sex, BP level, smoking, elevated lipid levels, diabetes, and a family history of premature cardiovascular disease. Poor lifestyle habits may be especially harmful in younger individuals who will be exposed to these harmful habits all during their life of course but, except for smoking, there have been little to no studies done to look at the harmful effects of poor lifestyle choices. Cigarette

The year 2017 marked the 50th anniversary of several important developments in medical care. In 1967, a classic study by Killup and Kimball was published regarding the care of patients admitted to New York Hospital for myocardial infarctions (heart attacks, or MIs). In the study, these patients were placed in a specialized hospital unit where they had constant monitoring of their heart rhythm. One of the greatest dangers following an MI is the sudden development of an abnormal heart rhythm, or

Phospholipids are compounds that form the membranes, or walls, of cells. They are long compounds that line up side-by-side in a vertical array, much like a picket fence, to form the cell wall. The outside of a phospholipid is hydrophobic (repels water) while the inside is hydrophilic (attracts water). This arrangement allows things like oxygen, carbon dioxide, and urea to easily pass in and out of cells. Phospholipids are found in many foods including egg yolks, mayonnaise, soybeans

Many states allow parents to opt-out of vaccinating their children due to philosophical (i.e. fear that the vaccine will cause autism, a theory that has been totally disproven) or religious beliefs. These beliefs are called personal belief exemptions, or PBEs. In 2016, the California Senate passed a bill to eliminate PBEs from the state’s school-entry mandates. Passage of that bill left vaccine-hesitant parents with only one legal option to keep their kids from getting vaccinated. That option

Drug poisoning (overdose) deaths more than doubled in the U.S. from 2000 to 2015, while deaths from opioid overdoses more than tripled in the same period. Increases in poisoning deaths, which are classified as subsets of unintentional injuries, suicides, homicides, or events of undetermined intent, have reduced the life expectancy of non-Hispanic white individuals in the U.S. from 2000 to 2014. Overall life expectancy at birth for the general population increased from 76.8 years in 2000 to 78.8

Acute diarrhea is defined as lasting less than 14 days and can cause significant illness and even death in rare cases, especially among older patients. In the U.S., there are about 179 million cases of acute diarrhea, or gastroenteritis, per year, including about 48 million cases of food-borne illness. Most adults who have not traveled abroad have no known cause identified for their acute diarrhea, although most non-food related cases are usually viral with norovirus accounting for about 26

Medications can cause a wide variety of signs, symptoms, and medical conditions, some of which are direct adverse effects (AEs) of a medication and others that are the result of a drug-drug interaction. Today I would like to discuss some of these AEs and interactions. The most common cause for ER visits for AEs in the U.S. is bleeding, and the majority of these cases are related to Coumadin, generically called warfarin. Warfarin has serious drug interactions with many other medications and

More Articles...

Sign up via our free email subscription service to receive notifications when new information is available.